Understand the impact of extreme conditions on the human behaviour is essential for the futur humanflight mission's succes. Therefore, Finding solutions to problems or counter-performance is mandatory, so as finding their origin.The trans-auricular neurostimulation is a non-invasive stimulation method of the vagus nerve that enables to reduce symptoms, enhance cognitive performance and help healing. We will be the subjects of Barbara Le Roy experiment from the Military Biomedical Research Institute, which will monitor the impact of this neurostimulation on physiological parameters
"Microgreens" are edible plants that can grow and be harvested within a week. They are an additional nutritional intake to the food brought through the spaceflight. We will be working with Christina Johnson, NASA researcher to study the influence of environmental parameters on the plants' growth. The experiment will be held in the "Green Hab" by the crew botanist.
The medical monitoring is essential for astronauts. The more an astronaut will be far from Earth, the harder will it be to remotely direct the movement of an ultrasound scanner, essential to monitor the vital organs. Echofinder is a technology that enables to ultrasound an organ without medecine knowledge prerequisites. Using an AI and an augmented reality interface, the astronaut will be able to take correct photos and videos of the organs, then send to Earth for medical survey. We are working with the CNES, the MEDES and the company Sonoscanner.
The aim of this experiment is to measure the influence of environmental parameters on the stress of analog astronauts. Stress will be measured through physological parameters using bracelets, questionnaire, sleep monitoring and location tracking. We are working with Michail Magkos, a KTH (Royal Institue of Technology, Stockholm) researcher.
AI4U is an AI aiming to assist astronauts in their daily tasks. This protoype will be used as a test of technology in the conditions of real astronaut missions. We are working with Grégory Navarro and Laure Boyer from Spaceship FR, CNES, so as students in 4th year of engineering school at ISAE-Supaero as a end of study project.
Biofinder is an operationnal experiment from Anapum Misra, researcher at the University of Hawaii. The aim is to be able to find signs of like on the soil and rocks using cameras detecting fluorescent emissions from biological experiments. The EVA (Extra-Vehicular Activity) needed for the experiment will help the human factors experiments to gather more data, under the stressful conditions of the EVAs.
Aquaponics is a system of food production that unifies plant cultivation and fish farming. Plants are irrigated in a closed-loop system with water coming from the aquarium where the fish are farmed. This experiment is led in collaboration with Nicolas Drougard, a researcher from ISAE-Supaero.
LOAC measures the concentration of particles in the air, their size and density using diffraction of light. MEGA-ARES is the little brother of MICRO-ARES, only payload of ESA Schiaparelli misison. It measures the electric field and air conductivity. These instruments, complemented by 3 other atmospheric instruments, will enable researchers to improve the comprehension of the martian weather and winds, but especially to understand the formation of Earth dust clouds which can travel over thousands of kilometers. We are working with researchers from the LPC2E laboratory, CNRS Orléans.
To what extent can a 3D map improve the capacity of a human to direct and guide itself outside to find objects of interests ? We will start answering this question throughout this operationnal experiment. During EVAs, we will use Parrot drones to map in 3D the target place, and compare the performances of the analog astronauts with those in 2D. We are working with Raphaëlle Roy and Vsevolod Peysakhovich, researchers at ISAE-Supaero.
This study led by the University of Burgundy, will deal with the social, emotional, professional and physical impact of the ICE environments (Isolated, Confined and Extreme) through daily questionnaires. We will be the subjects of Michel Nicolas and Lou Perrot, researchers at Burgundy University.
MetMet is an instrument developped by CEREGE, part of CNRS, that measures the magnetic susceptibility and electric conductivity of rocks. This enables to rapidly categorize the type of rock astronauts can be dealing with.
Our crew astronomer, for his astronomy project, will study the asteroids' magnitudes (brightness) in time. Thanks to this parameter, we will be able to calculate the period rotation, the amplitude and type of asteroid. The goal of the experiment is to add new asteroids and data to a already existing database. Our astronomer will in a first place concentrate his study well-documented asteroids before studying less-documented asteroids, like 814 Tauris.
In order for young students to be curious about space, crew 275 worked on transmitting their passion through interventions in middle and high school, in partnership with OSE ISAE-Supaero, a program of social inclusiveness. A project was developped around space food. This project had 2 phases : Alain MAILLET from CNES intervened to talk about the space food issues, then the students worked on elaborating a menu for astronauts. The recipies will be based on freeze-dried products, guaranteeing a sufficient nutritional intake. This activity was realised with the middle school Louis Pasteur in Graulhet, Tarn.
Crew 275 during the week in New York intervened in 6th grade and 9th grade classes at LFNY (New York French High School). Over 200 students participated to activities related to space.